Business Architekt, Smart Cities Lab, Smart MaaS Initiator
„From the user’s point of view, MaaS is obvious: In an app, users can get a complete picture of the current local mobility offer, select a route or options and book the ticket. These decisions then correspond to individual and current needs. Behind the curtain, it’s more complicated, especially when it comes to proper governance. Every mobility service provider, public or private, traditionally protects its distribution channels and wants to “own” its customers. Can they also feel at ease when sharing (sharing economy)? From a city perspective, these “common” mobility have traditionally been defined as public transport, which until now has been strictly controlled and subsidized. How can cities best reconsider public transport – involve private service providers and enable MaaS ecosystems? Continuation of the monopolies or open marketplace? Private mobility providers must have a viable business to survive. How can cities use intelligent governance and create attractive infrastructure and license conditions?
This is where the project promoted by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy comes in: Based on and further specific developments of a modular and open component framework, SmartMaaS can and should look like an open platform in the context of a smart city to innovative mobility aspects in the choice of transport and routes. The aim is to involve both cities and rural areas, as well as the domain-specific experience of numerous national and international mobility projects, associations and innovative providers. Two prototypical services are also being implemented: “Multimodal mobility” is about public transport and car-sharing providers being able to offer their customers additional mobility services. For customers, this means that they can book additional mobility services with one ticket (bus, train, car, bicycle). The second service “Polluants Flatrate” is concerned with ensuring that cities and municipalities, if required (such as a particulate matter alarm), not only offer public transport at reduced prices, but can also incentivize further environmentally-friendly transport options (eAuto, bicycle).
Smart MaaS relies on FIWARE technology, software components and interfaces that are available free of charge to everyone. FIWARE is a modern component framework (a “middleware”) that has set standards both nationally and internationally and has been instrumental in many international standardization efforts. Standardization makes it possible to develop a common market, a marketplace or even a “data platform” for the exchange of specific information (price, ticket, routes, timetables, etc.).”